Friday, May 17, 2019

Historical Origins of Social Work Essay

Essay In what ways do the historical origins of complaisant produce influence the occurrent profession in Ireland? In order to provide an in-depth discussion on how the historical origins of complaisant achievement have influenced the current nature of the profession in Ireland, it is of the essence(predicate) for me to provide a specific sagacity of what the term denotes. Defined by Smale, Tuson and Statham (2000 5), social model is about the interventions made to change social situations so that people who need support or are at risk can have their necessarily met more appropriately than if no intervention were made. Morales and Sheafor (1977) state that professional social micturateers are consecrate to service for the welfare and self-realisation of human beings to the disciplined use of scientific knowledge regarding human and social behaviour, to the development of resources to meet individual, group, national and international needs and aspirations and to the achie vement of social justice. Many individuals, other(a) than field social dissembleers and including all those who model in residential, day care and domiciliary care, otherwise cognise as social care or care put to workers are all involved in distinct types of social work.The Emergence of fond WorkAccording to Sheldon and Macdonald (2009, p.19), the term social work was first utilise in Britain at the end of the nineteenth speed of light. During this era, people practiced social work in an attempt to establish more realistic ways of all overcoming social distress as opposed to relying on handed-down forms of charity work and philanthropy. Skehill (1999) and Darling (1972) state that Irish social work shares many traditional aspirations of social work elsewhere, such as in Britain and Finland and has been influenced by such countries. However, it is also shaped by the particular nature of Irelands decree and by key political processes within the country over the past centu ries. Albeit Ireland industrialising at a different rate in comparison to England and elsewhere, key features of modern society such as the growth in expert knowledge in relation to individuals and the family, the emanation of parvenue expert professionals and the emergence of a liberal form of government do appear to have had an preserve on shaping Irish social work (Skehill, 1999).Earlier forms of social work in Ireland evolved from unearthly motives which included the giving of alms and the giving of service. Skehill (1999) highlights that the relationship amidst the spiritual bodies and their concern with the provision of eleemosynary assuagement is of great importance, with the rivalry between Catholic and Protestant charities being the most significant aspect of the religious base of charities in the nineteenth century. Down through the years, Ireland has been a place where individuals have been inspired by a sense of vocation and largely guided by intuition (Darling, 19 72 24). Such individuals have endeavoured to take over the pain and suffering of the casualties within our society. An example of such heroic bodies in Ireland includes Mary Aikenhead, daughter of a Cork doctor and founder of the Order of Irish Sisters of Charity, who began prison visiting in Dublin 1821 (Darling, 1972 24). The 19th century is characterised by a whole plethora of charitable activities relating to education, health and welfare (Skehill, 1990).In England, social work began with the identification, categorisation and organisation of various charities, which is most evident in the work of the Charitable transcription Society. The COS evolved in 1869 and was primarily known as the Society for Organising Charitable Relief and Repressing Mendicity. This charitable body had a specific aim of attempting to address the disconnectedness between philanthropic organisations and bring these bodies unitedly under some coherent umbrella (Skehill, 199). Over the same period of ti me (19th century), no such major body for social work existed in Ireland, however at the beginning of the twentieth century the Irish state saw an attempt to standardise charity within the country. Notably, the nature of social work in Ireland is highlighted by the link between philanthropy and its broader cultural and political discursive field, the relations between religion and charity, the gendered nature of practices, and the individualistic approach to social problems (Skehill, 1990).Although, social work progressed to a greater outcome in the 20th century, one could argue that some of the most defining characteristics of its current shape in society could be accredited to its earlier presence in the 19th century (Skehill, 1990). For example, social work in Ireland continues to be a practice that is primarily interested in assisting the less well take out in society, with families and children being a key target for social work intervention and practice rest individualistic . Also, the profession has continued to function traditionally based on caring for and overlooking the clients of its service (Skehill, 1990). Because of this, itis important to look at certain aspects of philanthropy in 19th century Ireland in order to look the charitable works contribution to the present day social work system (Skehill, 1990). Although social work began to emerge in the 19th century, it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that a coherent strategy of social work developed (Skehill, 1990).What is significant about social work in the early 20th century is that it continued to be characterised by continuities in voluntary charity work and developed towards a more strategic and structured practice of professional social work (Skehill, 1990 61). However, throughout this era, social work also expanded due to a dual process of development between interacting strands of cultural, political, intellectual and institutional progression. This dual process of deve lopment includes the emergence of training and education for social workers and the continued expansion of violent social work within charitable bodies (Skehill, 1990 97).The pattern of social work training that established in the 20th century persisted in the following decades, with the continuation of an individual focus, home visiting, in-depth inquiries and concentration on the poor, women and children remain to be at the core of its practice. In Ireland, the health and welfare service continued to develop in the mid-20th century and as a result, had a crucial influence on the evolution of social work within this period. There was a decrease in the influence of the Catholic Church, professional training and employment for social workers increased and the State developed a greater role in the provision of social services which led to increasing opportunities for the development of social work.According to Darling (1971), formal social work training in Ireland began in 1899, wh en Reverend R.M. Gwynn established an association in Trinity College Dublin, with a primary election aim of promoting the study of poverty. The establishment of the Civic Institute of Ireland in 1914 marks a significant ill-treat in the evolution of social work in Ireland (Skehill, 1999 91). The main aim of this society was the study and investigation of all questions and problems affecting the lives of the Irish public in their capacity as citizens or as inhabitants of a city, urban or rural area of Ireland (Civic Institute of Ireland, 1914 in Skehill, 1999 91).Bibliography* Considine, M. and Dukelow, F. (2009) Irish Social Policy A critical introduction, Dublin Gill & Macmillan Ltd. * Sheldon, B. and MacDonald, G. (2009) Textbook of Social Work, London Routledge. * Skehill, C. (1999a) The Nature of Social Work in Ireland, a Historical Perspective, Lewiston, USA Edwin Mellen Press. * Morales, A. and Sheafor, B.W. 1977. Social Work A Profession of Many Faces. Boston Allyn and Baco n Inc. * Darling, V. (1971) Social Work in the Republic of Ireland. Social studies, Irish Journal of Sociology, 1(1)24-37. *

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